The role of the earth‘s savannahs and their endangerment: Tropical savannas cover about 20% of the land surface and are defined by the coexistence of grasses and woody vegetation. Savannas provide many ecosystem services such as food or building materials, which are important for the livelihood of humans. In addition, savannas store a significant amount of carbon and harbor high biodiversity. Climate change, intensification of land use due to an increase in the human population, and the replacement of savannas by agricultural land and plantations threaten the distribution and biodiversity of savannas. Due to the widespread distribution of savannas and their diverse use, the conservation of savannas in the future is a major challenge, as multiple interests need to be reconciled.