Holocene and current glacier dynamics in the sub-Arctic and volcanic environment Islands:
About 11% of the land area of Iceland is covered by glaciers. These glaciers owe their existence to the sub-Arctic climate conditions of the North Atlantic and the island’s topography. In this contribution, the post-glacial evolution of glaciers in Iceland is outlined, as is the recent glacier dynamics.
The recent dynamics is influenced by global warming on the one hand, and on the other hand by occasional surges and so called jökulhlaups that are related to volcanic and geothermal activity underneath many of the glaciers.