Coral reefs – consequences of warming and acidification on biodiversity:
Coral reefs, amongst the most biodiverse ecosystems of our planet, are threatened by the effects of climate change. Rising water temperatures and ocean acidification interfere with two of the most relevant processes in reef growth, photosynthesis and calcification, and cause global mass mortalities and extensive reef degradation.
Complex interactions between local and global environmental impacts, as well as countless interdependent relations between biosphere and habitat impede reliable predictions about future reef development and its associated biodiversity. It is supposed that coral reef ecosystems will substantially and lastingly change during the Anthropocene.