Are mangroves threatened by climate change?
Mangroves are tropical forests that grow in coastal tidal zones and estuaries. They are adapted to life in harsh coastal conditions. Compared to tropical rain forests, species diversity of mangroves is low. However, a multitude of animals depend on mangroves as a habitat.
The locals use mangroves as a source for food, timber, firewood, and medicine. A significant number of animals spend part of their life cycle inside the mangroves before they get captured. For decades mangroves have been destroyed at a much higher rate than tropical rain forests.
In addition, mangroves are endangered by global change. Mangroves can and have played important roles in absorbing and attenuating wave energy. This could be compensated for by rehabilitation measures.