Political requirements for the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity:
At global level, multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) are the main political frameworks for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The contracting parties to such agreements define common goals that give them orientation for the shaping of their national policies.In the biodiversity context, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is of extraordinary importance.
It represents an approach that has been internationally recognized since the Rio-Summit at the latest: i.e., considering environmental and developmental issues in an integrative manner (here: conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity). However, besides globally concerted efforts, place-based and context-specific approaches are needed for monitoring, conserving or sustainably using biodiversity in practice.
Otherwise, political decisions taken at a level not matching the one at which they need to be politically and administratively implemented may render ineffective. In the light of the ongoing loss of biodiversity, a more effective implementation of MEAs is urgently needed.