Health relevance of air pollution:
Air pollution is the greatest environmental risk to health worldwide. In Germany, three air pollutants in particular have a negative impact on health: particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3). Air pollutants usually occur as a mixture of pollutants. They increase the likelihood of the occurrence of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
However, there are also indications that allergies, diabetes mellitus type II, neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson, Alzheimer) could be related to air pollution. Also the exposure to air pollutants could influence parameters of pregnancy (e.g. duration, birth parameters). Measures controlling air pollution have an immediate effect and can reduce the negative effects on health significantly.