Brandenburg: A region in Germany suffering from water deficit – In spite of its numerous lakes:
East Germany’s attractive landscapes with their lakes, rolling hills and moors were formed by ice age processes and are now endangered by climate change. The abundance of water stands in contrast to the low precipitation as compared with other regions. This chapter presents results assessing the impacts of regional climate change for Berlin and Brandenburg.
The significant decline of precipitation and groundwater refill observed in the past decades has already raised water deficit problems. The projected climatic trends up to the middle of the century show a further decline in precipitation, especially in summer, accompanied by an increase in evaporation. This will presumably lead to intensified problems in water supply and quality. Adaptation measures are suggested to reduce potential damage to the economy and to the natural environment.