Summary: Amphibians and reptiles – changes of distributional and behavioral patterns due to global warming
As ectothermic vertebrates, amphibians and reptiles are more affected by climatic change than homeothermic birds and mammals. Climate change affects range sizes and population structure of reptiles and amphibians.
Alarming declines, particularly of specialized species inhabiting small ranges, were observed all over the world during the last decades. In contrast, generalist species were able to extend their ranges, whereby some have become invasive.
Significant threats to both reptiles and amphibians are habitat loss and degradation, introduced invasive species, environmental pollution, and diseases. All these effects are exacerbated by climate change making species more vulnerable.