Current research projects on climate change and biodiversity:
Long-term observations of ecological systems allow a precise documentation of changes in climatic conditions, species richness and community composition. However, observational studies can only be used to describe changes, but they are limited in their ability to identify the underlying causal mechanisms.
In the last decades, a whole series of increasingly sophisticated experiments has been established that aim to manipulate components of climate change and biodiversity loss. In this chapter, we describe the most recent large-scale experiments on biodiversity and climate change.
In addition, we develop perspectives for future experiments that should ideally be more realistic and relevant also for agriculture and forestry. However, concrete solutions for biodiversity- or climate related problems are usually only identified if they are studied not only from a natural science point-of-view, but also as complex societal challenges.