Storms over the North Atlantic and Northern Europe:
The coasts of Northern Europe are located in a region which is affected by the North Atlantic eastwards moving low pressure areas and they are therefore vulnerable to storms and according damages.
These affect coastal residents and their property such as houses, forestry and agriculture, or shipping and offshore industry. In addition, extratropical storms over the North Atlantic may lead to extreme weather related events such as storm surges, high waves and flooding due to high precipitation amounts. It is therefore of great importance to analyze past storm climate.
To derive reliable statistics of past storm frequency and intensity changes, long homogeneous and continuous meteorological time series are necessary. The analysis of these statistics shows an increase in storm activity over the North Atlantic during the past 50-60 years.
But when longer periods of 100 and more years are examined, decadal variability predominates and no long-term trend can be detected. From these findings, and from scenario simulations with climate models, possible future storm developments can be derived.