Summary: Urban climate and climate change
Burdens on the environment typically go hand in hand with the demands on land areas for intense land use. It therefore makes sense to use the means of regional and urban development to pursue a precautionary planning towards the aim of environmental protection.
Zoning and planning at the municipal level thus serves as an important instrument that contributes significantly to the protection of global and local climate as well as the preservation of air quality. Local development plans allow the examination and assessment of climatic effects on the surrounding area resulting from different forms of built structures.
This is relevant for ventilation, sunlight, lighting, possibilities for solar energy, and bioclimatic conditions. Urban development plans can also be used as goal-setting plans for the implementation of climate-protecting measures along the lines of the Federal »Agenda 21« program.
In view of worldwide efforts to protect the earth’s atmosphere, one can conclude, based on altered appraisals in favour of environmental protection – especially in favour of air quality and climate –, that the value of these factors is no longer limited to aspects of local climate. Large-scale climate protection is to be taken into consideration in zoning and planning as a public interest.